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The Significance Of Teotihuacán In The Ancient World !

 Long before becoming a popular tourist attraction, Teotihuacán was the center of Aztec life. Once the sixth largest city in the ancient world, Teotihuacán was in operation from 150 B.C. until 750 A.D., and still visited today as a stop on a religious pilgrimage for Aztec descendents. Located near present day Mexico City, these people worshipped the sun and moon. In fact, the Teotihuacán Aztec constructed a pyramid to honor day and night. This was to enforce their beliefs that both the sun and moon originated from Teotihuacán.

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A people interested in profit, the Teotihuacán Aztecs traded throughout Mexico; eventually reaching the Pacific Coast. When not trading, the Teotihuacán Aztec sustained themselves with agricultural crops, fish and fowl. These gifts were thought to be given to the Teotihuacán Aztec by the sun and moon gods. As the people’s appeasement grew, so did the gods’ temples. Bigger and better monuments were funded by trading obsidian, hand-carved tools, glass, iron and other trade goods until enough money was raised to pay for the Pyramid of the Sun and the Pyramid of the Moon.

Similar to Egyptian pyramids, the temples found at Teotihuacán contained chambers of passed royal leaders, elaborately decorated walls and ornamental objects. One difference though, rulers and high officials were not named inside of these buildings but were always anonymous.

Teotihuacán’s citizens lived in buildings based on a class system. Warriors, artisans, commoners and the elite all lived in separate buildings. While trade enabled Teotihuacán’s people to become exposed to language and writing, no records exist. It is unknown how Teotihuacán met its end, but around 650 – 750 A.D., the city was destroyed by fire and abandoned. Scholars have speculated it could possibly be the work on an invading tribe, mutinous population or foreign conquerors; however since no written accounts have been provided, these are just educated guesses.


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